SCIENTIFIC NAME: Salisburia adiantifolia

Also called the “maidenhair tree”

Significant improvement in mental states, emotional lability, memory, and tendency to tire easily, have been reported…” – Rudolf Weiss, 1985

Commonly known for being one of the oldest plant species on earth today, ginkgo biloba is best for improving blood circulation, particularly to the head. This aids in improving memory and thus may be beneficial for people afflicted with forms of dimensia like Alzheimer’s.



  • Favone glycosides (esp. ginkgolide): known for treating severely irregular heartbeats
  • Biofavones
  • Sitosterol
  • Lactones
  • Anthocyanin

Seeds (bai gou)

  • Fatty acids
  • Minerals
  • Antioxidants (flavinoids, terpenoids)
  • Bioflavones

Health Benefits

  • Anti-inflammatory: esp. when nerve tissue is damaged by inflammation eg. multiple sclerosis.
  • Improves circulation: especially to the brain. Also helpful after a stroke for tissue support and strengthening circulation. *Consult doctor before use
    • Helps preserve vision by improving blood flow to the eyes as well as fighting free radical damage
  • Anti-asthmatic: also helps relieve wheezing and lessen phlegm.
  • Anti-allergenic
  • Antispasmodic
  • Treatment for depression and ADHD
  • May help treat multiple sclerosis
  • Ease PMS symptoms

Leaves in particular

  • Relaxes blood vessels
  • Stimulates circulation
  • Varicose veins
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Leg ulcers

Seeds in particular

  • Astringent
  • Antifungal
  • Antibacterial
  • Treating asthma and coughs
  • Incontinence
  • Excessive urination

Quick Remedies

Depending on the severity of your health issues, younger healthier people can take doses around 40 mg per day, while older people as well as people with more severe health issues like hormone imbalance, inflammation, mood disorder, etc. will likely need more. For cognitive improvements, doses around 120 mg per day may work better. Everyone is different, as well as the products available, so you will have to conduct experiments to see what works best for your body. Try each for at least 4-6 weeks before trying something new.

Many health issues discussed above can be aided by taking 120-240 mg per day, half in the morning, half at night. Consult a doctor before giving to a child.

How to Grow

This ancient, 270 million year old tree species grows best in hardiness zones 3-8 and grows fairly easily, able to take on pollution and small spaces.

  • Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil can be nearly anything, and it can tolerate a moderate drought, but these do NOT grow well in consistently hot, dry climates